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|JOHANNESBURG Frederik Andersen Jersey , June 19 (Xinhua) -- The South African Competition Commission said Monday that it has referred the company Rooibos South Africa to the Competition Tribunal for monopolization of rooibos tea supply market.
Rooibos is the largest processor of rooibos tea in South Africa. In 2015, the Commission received a complaint from a processor of rooibos tea which they investigated. Their probe focused on Rooibos's monopolization of rooibos tea supply from commercial farmers, in order to foreclose its competitors in the processing level of the value chain or prevent the expansion of its rivals in the market.
The Competition Commission said Rooibos remains a dominant player in the processing of rooibos tea because they inherited the assets and the monopoly position previously occupied by the Rooibos Tea Control Board, which was established in 1954 by the previous government. The Board was responsible for regulating the marketing, pricing and research in the rooibos tea industry.
"The Commission is concerned of Rooibos' ongoing anti-competitive conduct William Nylander Jersey , particularly as this hampers the growth of the agro-processing industry in South Africa. Dominant firms have a special responsibility to ensure they do not stifle competition," said the Deputy Competition Commissioner, Hardin Ratshisusu.
The Commission said even though there are 220 rooibos tea commercial farmers,only a limited number contribute the bulk of the total production which is supplied to rooibos tea processors. The processors buy rooibos tea in bulk from commercial farmers, dry it and sell it to local packers and export market. Some new comers in the industry were not happy with the dominance of Rooibos.
The processors used to get their supply of rooibos tea from farmers through one-year supply agreements. In 2014 Rooibos introduced exclusionary contracting strategies to lock-in or foreclose the supply of rooibos tea from farmers Connor Brown Jersey , thereby starving its competitors of access to a product that only grows in a small geographic region. The company entered into a long contract from 2014 to 2018.
Rooibos demanded that farmers supply half of their production to them to access its production research output. This was after the collapse of the research function undertaken by the South African Research Agricultural Council in 2014. The Competition Commission said exclusionary contracting strategies were meant to shut out commercial farmers by ensuring that they preferred Rooibos thereby affecting the competitors.
The Commission has referred the complaint to the Tribunal for adjudication and seeking an order declaring that Rooibos has contravened the Competition Act. The Competition Commission want the Tribunal to fine Rooibos an administrative penalty equal to 10 percent of its annual turnover.
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by Marcus DiPaola
FERGUSON, United States, Aug. 21 (Xinhua) -- Stephanie Lecci knelt over and vomited. She was immersed in a cloud of tear gas. But there was no time for the journalist to stop before another canister landed close to her feet, choked her throat and burnt skin.
The tear gas had blinded the St. Louis Public Radio reporter, but she had to move immediately. Soon the entire street was filled with noxious tear gas. She headed for the press area James Van Riemsdyk Jersey , but the press area was soon gassed. Nowhere was safe.
The scene, reminiscent of a war zone, unfolded in recent days in Ferguson, a suburb of St. Louis in Missouri, now convulsed by nightly violent clashes between police and demonstrators since the fatal shooting of an unarmed black teen by a white policeman on Aug. 9.
The death of the 18-year-old African American Michael Brown has heightened racial tensions between the predominantly black community and the mostly white Ferguson Police Department. Many local residents fear that local officials will not act fairly in determining whether to charge the officer Nikita Zaitsev Jersey , Darren Wilson, with a crime.
Peacefully protests turned nasty every night. Well-armed police, donned helmets and shields, used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse crowds in response to what they said protesters bottles thrown toward them. It is reported that police has so far fired more than 300 tear gas rounds for crowd control over the course of the Ferguson unrest.
The racial tensions have drawn national attention as well as journalists across the country, including Lecci. In another night of unrest in Ferguson Patrick Marleau Jersey , Alex Wroblewski, a Chicago-based freelancer, was also caught in the tear gas on Tuesday.
"We were walking up towards Target with the protesters and there were kids and moms and families marching, it was a peaceful protest," he said. "The police gave a short Zach Hyman Jersey , 30-second or so warning, and they started shooting tear gas and everybody started running and they kept launching tear gas."
Xinhua reporter observed police firing canisters of tear gas directly targeting media, as well as at women and children who were not charging police lines, but attempting to escape.
The pain involved with tear gas is difficult to ignore. "It burns your eyes, it makes them water so you can't see Ron Hainsey Jersey , it burns your throat, and it burns your skin, so it feels like sunburn almost. It sticks to your skin, and when you sweat you feel it," one protester told Xinhua.
The excessive use of force by the police -- tear gas canisters Nazem Kadri Jersey , armed vehicles, pepper spray, and rubber bullets -- to disperse crowds has called into question the protective.